Metal Reference Guide

All information comes from our practical experience. We provide you with this without guarantee and assume no liability for the correctness.

Product groupGradeStandard in the market
Description
Technical
Description
alternative
Description
Brief descriptionExamples of use
Steel1.0037ST37S235JRST37.2General structural steel (Mild Steel)Metal goods, pins, screws, nuts, bolts, rivets. Low stressed parts in steel and mechanical engineering
Steel1.0570ST52S355J2ST52-3KHarder structural steelSimple applications in tool, mold and machine building.
Steel1.0503CK45C45E1.1191Mild steel for hardeningScrews, bolts, axles,
Gears
Steel1.713116MnCr51.7139EC80Case hardening steelGears, spindles, shafts, camshafts, bushings, connecting rods
Steel1.722542CrMo41.7227MO40Tempering steelAxles, bolts, spindles, gear shafts, steering knuckles, connecting rods, gear wheels, pinions, bandages
Steel1.073711SMnPb371.07379SMnPb36Free cutting steelMass parts for the automotive industry, device and apparatus construction
Stainless1.43011.4301X5CrNi18 10V2A,
AISI 304
Standard stainless steel qualityHousehold items and devices, chemical devices, architecture, petrol station and kitchen construction, sanitary facilities
Stainless1.43051.4305X8CrNiS 18 9V2A,
AISI 303
Stainless steel turning qualityAxles, bolts, spindles, gear shafts, steering knuckles, connecting rods, gear wheels, pinions, bandages
Stainless1.4571/
1.4404
1.4571X6CrNiMoTi17 12 2V4A, AISI 316,
1.4436
Resistant to stainless steel
chemical, pharmaceutical, pulp, textile, fertilizer, plastic and fuel production
Tool Steel1.22101.2210115CrV3Silver steelSilver steelEjector, punch, countersink, tap, toothed drill, chisel,
Tool Steel1.20801.2080X210Cr 12RCC, K100Cold work steelScissors knives, deep-drawing tools, pressing tools, deburring tools. Plastic molds and mold inserts.
Tool Steel1.28421.284290MnCrV8RUS, K720Cold work steelMold plates, inserts, cutting punches; Plastic molds, industrial knives, measuring tools.
Tool Steel1.23791.2379X155CrVMo121RCCSUP, K110Cold work steelHacksaws, bending punches, scissors knives, extrusion, woodworking tools.
Tool Steel1.23111.231140CrMnMo 7BP50Mold steelInserts, high-strength machine components. Small and medium-sized injection molds, molds and mold frames
Tool Steel1.23121.231240CrMnMoS 8-6BP51, M200Mold steelMolded structures and column frames with increased demands on strength
Tool Steel1.23161.2316X36CrMo17BP60, M300 Mold steelInjection molds for corrosive plastics, mold inserts, slot dies, extrusion tools,
Tool Steel1.23431.2343X38CrMoV5.1PG1, W300Hot-work steelMold plates & inserts for die casting molds & plastic tools, tools for extrusion
Tool Steel1.27671.2767X45NiCrMo4RABW, K600Hot-work steelHeavy-duty press and injection molds, mold inserts for high hardness, industrial knives
Aluminium3.0255Al99.5AW-1050AF11Standard for
Aluminum sheets
General lightweight components, kitchen appliances, sporting goods, packaging, food and chem. Industry
Aluminium3.1645AlCuMgPbAW-2007F37Alu-Bohr and
Turning quality
Parts on automatic lathes
getting produced.
Aluminium3.3535AlMg3AW-5754F20Harder aluminum
for sheets
Vehicle and shipbuilding, food industry, apparatus engineering, architecture
Aluminium3.3206AlMgSi0.5AW-6060F13Standard for
Alu profiles
Metal construction, interior fittings, metal frames, antennas, decorations, light equipment and vehicle construction
Aluminium3.2315AlMgSi1AW-6082F32Standard for
larger aluminum profiles
Food industry, decorations, vehicle construction and shipbuilding.
Aluminium3.3547AlMg4.5MnAW-5083W28Firmer aluminum easy to machineVehicle and shipbuilding, model building, prototype construction, seawater resistant. Sheets for mold assemblies and for fixture construction
Aluminium3.4365AlZn5.5MgCuAW-7075F53,
Fortal,
Duralu
High-strength aluminum,
Airplane ALU
Aviation, mechanical engineering, special alloy for tools, fixtures and mold making
Brass2.0321/
2.0335
CuZn37CW508LMS63Standard for
Sheets
Screws, pressure rollers, zippers,
Cooler tapes
Brass2.0401/
2.0380
CuZn39Pb3CW614NMS58Standard for
Profiles
For machining and forging.
Copper2.0060ECUCW003ACU pull hardStandard for
Profiles
Components of electrical engineering and electronics. Use as eroding and electrode material
Copper2.0090SF-CUCW024ACU semi hardStandard for
Sheets
Gas / water pipelines, heating and air conditioning technology and plant construction, construction and apparatus construction.
Bronze2.1090Cu Sn7 Zn PbCC493KRg7GunmetalPlain bearings, cylinder insert bushings, gearbox, rocker arm and steering bushings,
plasticPE1000PE1000PolyethyleneTecafine PERollers, sliding bushes, guide rails, gears, slides, pump parts, taps, valve parts, bearings
plasticPOM-CPOM-CCopolymerTecaform AHGuides, rollers, plain bearings, bushings, gears, molded parts, precision parts, valves
plasticPA6PA 6polyamideTecast STRollers and wheels, slide bearings and slide plates, gear wheels, slide profiles, bushings, rings and discs

Application overview

All information comes from our practical experience. We provide you with this without guarantee and assume no liability for the correctness.

groupPlant-
material
Designated
nung
strength
(N / mm2)
WeldingMachiningDeformCorrosion resistanceHardenability / working hardnessLoading
layers
Anodizing
Steel1.0037ST37370 - 450very wellvery wellGoodmoderatebadn / An / A
Steel1.0570ST52500 - 600very wellvery wellGoodmoderatebadn / An / A
Steel1.1191CK45590 - 735badGoodvery wellmoderateGoodn / An / A
Steel1.713116MnCr5640 - 1180very wellvery wellGoodmoderatevery welln / An / A
Steel1.722542CrMo4900 - 1200badGoodGoodmoderatevery welln / An / A
Steel1.073711SMnPb37360 - 570badexcellentGoodmoderatebadn / An / A
Stainless1.43011.4301540 - 750GoodsatisfyingexcellentGoodn / AGoodn / A
Stainless1.43051.4305500 - 700badGoodbadsatisfyingn / AGoodn / A
Stainless1.45711.4571540 - 690excellentsatisfyingGoodvery welln / AGoodn / A
Tool Steel1.22101.2210720 - 760GoodGoodmoderateGood60-62 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.20801.2080845 - 870GoodGoodGoodGood59-63 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.28421.2842770 - 800GoodGoodsatisfyingGood57-62 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.23791.2379855 - 880GoodmoderatemoderateGood58-62 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.23111.2311950 - 1100GoodGoodGoodGood30-34 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.23121.2312950 - 1100Goodvery wellvery wellGood30-34 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.23161.2316900 - 1050GoodGoodGoodvery well28-31 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.23431.2343775 - 800GoodmoderatemoderateGood30-50 HRCn / An / A
Tool Steel1.27671.2767880 - 915GoodmoderatemoderateGood50-54 HRCn / An / A
Aluminium3.0255Al99.565 - 95very wellbadvery wellvery welln / AGoodGood
Aluminium3.1645AlCuMgPb370 - 410moderatevery wellmoderatemoderaten / AsufficientNo
Aluminium3.3535AlMg3210 - 250very wellmoderateGoodvery welln / AsatisfyingGood
Aluminium3.3206AlMgSi0.5215 - 260GoodGoodGoodvery welln / Avery wellvery well
Aluminium3.2315AlMgSi1310 - 350moderatevery wellGoodvery welln / AGoodsatisfying
Aluminium3.3547AlMg4.5Mn270 - 350very wellGoodmoderatevery welln / Asufficientsufficient
Aluminium3.4365AlZn5.5MgCu540 -580moderatevery welldifficultmoderaten / AbadNo
Brass2.0321CuZn37300 - 610GoodGoodvery wellmoderaten / An / An / A
Brass2.0401CuZn39Pb3360 - 500badvery wellGoodmoderaten / An / An / A
Copper2.0060ECU240 - 290badGoodvery wellGoodn / AGoodn / A
Copper2.0090SF-CU240 - 300GoodGoodvery wellmoderaten / AGoodn / A
Bronze2.1090CuSn7ZnPb260 - 290badvery welln / AGoodn / An / An / A
plasticPE1000PE100020 - 30n / Avery welllowvery welln / An / An / A
plasticPOM-CPOM-C40 - 70n / Avery welllowGoodn / An / An / A
plasticPA6PA 650 - 80n / AGoodlowGoodn / An / An / A